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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nickname: "The Insurance Capital of the World, New England's Rising Star"
Location in Hartford County, Connecticut
Coordinates 41°46'1.2?N, 72°40'37.2?W
Counties Hartford County
Mayor Eddie Perez
City 18.0 mi² / 46.5 km²
Land 17.3 mi² / 44.8 km²
Water 0.7 mi² / 1.7 km²
City (2004) 124,848
Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-5)
"Hartford" redirects here. For other uses, see Hartford (disambiguation).
Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut, in Hartford County. It is located on the Connecticut River, near the center of the state. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 121,578, but a July 1, 2002 Census estimate put the city's population at 124,558. It is the second largest city in the state, after Bridgeport. Greater Hartford is also the 44th largest metro area in the country (2004 census estimate) with a population of 1,184,564.
4.1 Central Business District/Downtown
4.2 Asylum Hill
4.3 West End
4.4 Sheldon/Charter Oak
4.5 North End
4.6 South End
4.7 South Green
4.8 South Meadows
4.9 North Meadows
7.1 Points of interest
10.4 Public transport
11 Famous Hartford residents
Dutch fur traders from New Netherland colony set up trade on the site as early as 1623, after Adriaen Block explored it in 1614. The Dutch named their post the 'Hope House' (Huys de Hoop). Prior to the Dutch arrival, the Indians who inhabited the area had called it Suckiaug. By 1633 Jacob van Curler had added a block house and palisade to the post while New Amsterdam sent a small garrison and a pair of cannons. The fort was abandoned by 1654, but its neighborhood in Hartford is still known as Dutch Point.
The first English settlers arrived in 1635. Thomas Hooker led 100 settlers with 130 head of cattle in a trek from Newtown (now Cambridge) in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and started their settlement just north of the Dutch fort. The settlement was originally called Newtown, but was changed to Hartford in 1637 to honor the English town of Hertford.
Central Business District.The fledgling colony along the Connecticut River had issues with the authority with which to govern since it was outside of the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Company's charter. Therefore, Thomas Hooker wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, a document investing the authority to govern with the people, instead of with a higher power. Hooker stated May 31, 1638:
The foundation of authority is laid, firstly, in the free consent of the people.
Some historians believe Hooker's concepts of self-rule were the forerunners of the United States Constitution. The Orders were ratified on January 14, 1639.
On December 15, 1814, the Hartford Convention was called to order in Hartford. Delegations from the five New England states, (Maine was still part of Massachusetts at that time) were sent to Hartford to discuss New England's possible secession from the United States.
During the early 1800s, the Hartford area was a center of abolitionist activity. The most famous abolitionist family was the Beechers. The Reverend Lyman Beecher was an important Congregational minister known for his anti-slavery sermons. His daughter, Harriet Beecher Stowe, wrote the famous Uncle Tom's Cabin, while her brother, the Reverend Henry Ward Beecher, was a noted clergyman who vehemently opposed slavery and supported the temperance movement and women's suffrage. Beecher Stowe's sister, Isabella Beecher Hooker, was a leading member of the women's rights movement.
In 1860, Hartford was the site of the first "Wide Awakes," abolitionist supporters of Abraham Lincoln. These supporters organized torch-light parades that were both political and social events, often including fireworks and music, in celebration of Lincoln's visit to the city. This type of event caught on and eventually became a staple of mid to late-1800s campaigning.
In July 6, 1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States. The fire, which occurred at a performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus, became known as the Hartford Circus Fire.
After World War II, many residents of Puerto Rico moved to Hartford and even today Puerto Rican flags can be found on cars and buildings all over the city. Hartford Mayor Eddie Perez was born in Puerto Rico and moved to Hartford in 1969, when he was 12 years old.
In 1997, the city lost its professional hockey franchise, the Hartford Whalers, to Raleigh, North Carolina despite an increase in season ticket sales and an offer of a new arena from the state. Currently a developer from Newton, MA who is also the city's largest property owner is working with the city to bring an NHL team back to Hartford and house them in a new largely publicly funded stadium.
Hartford experienced problems as the population shrank 11 percent during the 1990s. Only Flint, Michigan; Gary, Indiana; Saint Louis and Baltimore experienced larger population losses during the decade. However, the population has increased since the 2000 Census.
In the last few years, Hartford has begun to generate renewed interest as many redevelopment projects have been completed, are currently in progress or planned across the city. These initiatives include both commercial and residential projects such as Adriaen's Landing, the Connecticut Center for Science and Exploration, an extensive system of riverfront trails and parks, Park Street and Parkville neighborhood improvements and significant downtown development. The historic Colt building and complex is also being renovated to National Park standards.
Christ Church Cathedral Chapter House in downtown Hartford.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km² (18.0 mi²). 44.8 km² (17.3 mi²) of it is land and 1.7 km² (0.7 mi²) of it (3.67%) is water.
Hartford is bordered by the towns of West Hartford, Newington, Wethersfield, East Hartford, Bloomfield, South Windsor, and Windsor. The Connecticut River separates Hartford from the region's eastern suburbs.
As of the census² of 2000, there were 121,578 people, 44,986 households, and 27,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,711.8/km² (7,025.5/mi²). There were 50,644 housing units at an average density of 1,129.6/km² (2,926.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 17.72% White, 38.05% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.62% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 26.51% from other races, and 5.44% from two or more races. 40.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 44,986 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.2% were married couples living together, 29.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,820, and the median income for a family was $27,051. Males had a median income of $28,444 versus $26,131 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,428. About 28.2% of families and 30.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.0% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, 32.56% of Hartford residents claimed Puerto Rican heritage. This was the second largest concentration of Puerto Ricans on the US mainland, behind only Holyoke, Massachusetts.
The Connecticut State Capitol in downtown Hartford
Central Business District/Downtown
Downtown is Hartford's primary business district. Downtown is home to such corporations as St. Paul Travelers, The Hartford Steam Boiler, Phoenix Insurance, Prudential Retirement and United Technologies Corporation.
Downtown is also home to the Hartford City Hall, the Hartford Public Library, the Old State House, the Wadsworth Atheneum, The Travelers Tower, Bushnell Park, and the State Capitol and Legislative Office Complex. Capital Community College and the Hartford Public Schools offices are also located along Main Street in the former G. Fox and Company Building. The newly renovated University of Connecticut School of Business is located at Constitution Plaza.
The Asylum Hill neighborhood was originally known as "Lords Hill." The Asylum Hill neighborhood is home to the Asylum Hill Congregational Church (organized in 1864), The Trinity Episcopal Church, and Saint Joseph's Cathedral (dedicated 1892).
There are also many insurance companies that were or are still located in the Asylum Hill area such as the Hartford Fire Insurance Company (now the Hartford Financial Services Group) and Rossia Insurance Company (now Northeastern Insurance Company). AETNA Insurance Company still remains as a major fixture along Farmington Avenue. Also along Farmington Avenue are the homes of Mark Twain and Harriet Beecher Stowe, which are now museums.
Coming soon to the Asylum Hill neighborhood is the Connecticut Culinary Institute which will move in the recently vacated Hastings Hotel and Conference Center next to AETNA
The West End neighborhood, which runs from a little bit past the Mark Twain house to the West Hartford border, was mostly farmland until 1870. During the 1910s, many two and three story homes were built, giving the area more of a suburban feel.
Elizabeth Park in the West End was created in 1895, when Charles N. Pond gave his estate to the Hartford Parks Commission which created the park and named it in honor of his wife. The park boasts a playground, softball field, and other recreational facilities in addition to views of the downtown skyline. It's the oldest municipal rose garden in the United States, and one of the largest.
The University of Connecticut School of Law, Watkinson School and the Hartford Seminary are located in the West End. Part of Prospect Avenue boasts mansions including the Governor's Mansion. Mansions can also be found along Scarborough Street including the former residence of A. Everett Ausin (Director of Wadsworth Atheneum from 1927-1944).
The neighborhood is located just south of downtown with the Connecticut River and I-91 running at the eastern end of the neighborhood. The Charter Oak monument is located at the corner of Charter Oak Place, a historic street, and Charter Oak Avenue.
The area was home to the Colts Firearm Factory which was started by Samuel Colt, who invented the automatic revolver. Along with building a factory, Mr. Colt also made a village with houses, a library, and recreational activities so that his employees could be close to work. Colt's estate, Armsmear, was given to the city as Colt's Park after Mr. and Mrs. Colt's death. A developer is currently in the process of renovating the whole facility to create office space and apartments for completion in 2006/2007.
The Capewell Horsenail Company was also in the area. In 1881, George Capewell invented a machine to make horseshoe nails.
The neighborhood is a conglomeration of formerly distinct neighborhoods that have been collapsed into a largely impoverished zone. Generally identified as consisting of the vast area north of Albany Avenue leading up to the Bloomfield and Windsor borders, the North End has been wracked by decades of policies such as redlining and racist city planning that transformed a once multi-cultural area of African-American, Jewish, and European immigrants into an underdeveloped zone of housing projects and slums that is nearly entirely African-American and poor. This began in the 1950s with the construction of I-84, which cut off North End from the rest of the city, followed by a high concentration of government-financed housing projects that caused the flight of the working and middle class to the suburbs.
Although many of the housing projects have been demolished in 1990s and 2000s, and were replaced with HUD home constructions designed to increase the proportion of working families in the North End, the area still suffers from underdevelopment and crime. Many of the North End's parks, such as Keney Park, are considered among the city's most dangerous. The schools are among the most segregated and underperforming in the country, with populations of impoverished and African-American students extending into the 90th percentile. Mortality rates in the North End are comparable to those of the South Bronx in New York City.
The North End is home to an active community of West Indian immigrants that provide the area with a cultural and artistic presence: the West Indian Social Club and Scott's Jamaican Bakery are two notable neighborhood institutions. The North End is also home to Weaver High School, which was also the alma mater of ER actor Eriq La Salle.
This neighborhood is home to the area of Franklin Avenue, known as Little Italy. Although many Italians have moved just over the border to Wethersfield, Newington, and Rocky Hill, there is still a major Italian presence in the city. There are numerous Italian bakeries along Franklin Avenue. In the past few decades, there has been white flight from the South End, with many Puerto Rican families moving into the neighborhood but nevertheless there are many local favorites (restaurants, bakeries and stores) that draw people back into the South End.
Another resident of Hartford's South End is the South Park Inn emergency shelter.
South Green is home to Barnard Park in honor of Henry Barnard, whose home is located on Main Street. Congress Street is a historic district with many Greek Revival and Italianate homes. Hartford Hospital and the Connecticut Children's Medical Center are also located in South Green.
Located at the southeastern corner of the city, the area is home to many industrial and commercial businesses. The neighborhood is home to the Regional Market, a 32 acre (129,000 m²) facility with 185,000 of warehouse space. Brainard Field along I-91 serves small aircraft and offers flight instruction. The Hartford Electric Light Company which started in 1921 is still operational and owned by CT Light and Power. One of the Metropolitan District Water pollution control plants is located in the south meadows. Also, the Mid-Connecticut Resource Recovery Facility, which opened in 1987 and is on 57 acres (231,000 m²), is located in the area.
Located just north of downtown along the CT River and I-91 the North Meadows is a largely commercial and industrial area that is home to many of the area's car dealerships including dealers for Mercedes Benz, BMW, Nissan, Infiniti, Jaguar, Toyota and Mazda as well as a brand new CarMax dealership. The North Meadows is also the home of the CT Expo Center which features 88,000 square feet of exhibition space, the Dodge Music Center (formerly the Meadows Music Theater) which hosts hundreds of big name concerts each year and Riverside Park.
Greater Hartford is an international center of the insurance industry, with companies such as AETNA and The Hartford based in the city. The area is also home to Colt Firearms and large corporations like United Technologies (the parent corporation for Pratt & Whitney, Otis Elevator, Sikorsky Aircraft, Carrier Corporation, Hamilton Sundstrand, UTC Fire & Security and UTC Fuel Cells) and others.
Hartford is the home of several institutions such as the Hartford Conservatory in the Asylum Hill neighborhood of Hartford, Hartt School of Music in West Hartford, Trinity College in Hartford, the Institute of Living in Hartford, The American School for the Deaf in West Hartford, Capital Community College in Downtown Hartford, Hartford Seminary in the West End of Hartford, the University of Hartford in West Hartford, the University of Connecticut Law School in the West End of Hartford, and the University of Connecticut School of Business in Downtown Hartford, University of Connecticut in West Hartford and Saint Joseph's College in West Hartford. A branch campus for Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is also located in Hartford.
In addition to institutions of higher education the Greater Hartford area is home to many well known private and parochial school including Watkinson School in Hartford, Kingswood-Oxford School in West Hartford, Northwest Catholic High School in West Hartford, Renbrook School in West Hartford, Avon Old Farms School in Avon, Westminster School in Simsbury, Miss Porters School in Farmington, Ethel Walker School in Simsbury, The Masters School in Simsbury, Loomis Chaffee School in Windsor and East Catholic High School in Manchester.
Points of interest
Bushnell Park - Located below the State Capitol and legislative office complex, this park consists of rolling lawns, fountains, a lake, and a historic carousel. It is the first park in the country purchased by a municipality for public use. The Soldiers & Sailors Memorial Arch is an 85' Civil War Memorial which frames the northern entrance to the park.
Bushnell Center for Performing Arts
Cathedral of St. Joseph - Located outside of downtown, this Roman Catholic cathedral has stained glass windows and a large ceramic mural.
Charter Oak Cultural Center
Connecticut State Capitol - Located at Bushnell Park, this large Gothic-inspired building features many statues on its exterior. It is topped with a gold leafed dome.
Colt Arms Factory and Park - Topped with a blue and gold dome, the complex is currently being redeveloped and renovated. It will feature office space, apartments, and retail space.
Armsmear - The Colt family estate.
Connecticut Center for Science and Exploration - The 150,000 square foot (14,000 m²) facility will be built along the Connecticut River on Columbus Boulevard near the convention center (opening in 2007+).
Connecticut Convention Center - The 540,000 square foot (42,000 m²) convention center is now open, and overlooks the Connecticut River and the central business district. Attached to the center is a new 409 room 22 story Marriott Hotel (opened in late August 2005).
Constitution Plaza - Built in the early 1960s, Constitution Plaza is a renowned redevelopment project. The complex is comprised of numerous office buildings, underground parking, a restaurant, and outdoor courtyards along with a broadcasting studio. During the holiday season the area is filled with Christmas lights, and the annual Taste of Hartford celebration is held here. The Plaza passes over the highway and connects the city to the Connecticut River.
Elizabeth Park & Rose Garden - Located on the Hartford/West Hartford border.
Harriet Beecher Stowe House & Research Center - The former home of Harriet Beecher Stowe is now a museum located on Farmington Avenue near the Mark Twain House.
Hartford Civic Center - Built in 1975, the center hosts concerts and shows. It hosted the former NHL Hartford Whalers, and is also the home to the Hartford Wolf Pack AHL hockey team and is a part time home to UConn basketball team. A new 36 story apartment complex (Hartford 21) is being built directly on top of the Civic Center and will also include retail and entertainment space. It will be the tallest apartment building in New England (completion expected in mid 2006).
Hartford Stage - One of the country's top regional theatres, dedicated to the production of classic works and new play development.
Hartford Symphony Orchestra - Connecticut's premier musical organization widely recognized as one of America's leading regional orchestras
Isham-Terry House- The house was built in 1854 as the residence of a business man. The house is designed in an Italian Villa style.
The Mark Twain House- Once the home of Samuel Clemens, the house is now a museum located in the city's west end on Farmington Avenue.
Old State House - The Old State House was the first in the U.S., designed by Charles Bulfinch, and recently restored with a gold-leafed dome rising from its top. The Old State House sits facing the Connecticut River in Downtown.
Pope Park, Hartford, Connecticut
Riverfront Recapture and Park - This park connects the downtown with the Connecticut River. It contains bike and walking trails, playing fields, and a white triangle-shaped dome covers one of the performing stages. The boat launch for a Connecticut River tour is also located here. A walkway spanning the Connecticut River leads to East Hartford.
Saint Thomas Seminary - Located on 80 acres (324,000 m²) in Bloomfield. The seminary is three miles north of Hartford near the University of Hartford. The seminary opened in 1930 and its campus consists of rolling greens and Gothic-inspired buildings.
Trinity College - The liberal arts college, founded in 1823, has more than 2,100 students. The college is consistently ranked as one of the best liberal arts colleges in America.
University of Connecticut Business School
University of Connecticut Law School - located just off Farmington Avenue, the campus includes an extensive, large Gothic-inspired library
University of Hartford - The University, which was founded in 1877, sits on 340 acres (1.4 km²) with a 13 acre (53,000 m²) campus on Asylum Avenue. There are more then 7,200 students and 86 undergraduate majors.
Hartt School of Music at University of Hartford
Wadsworth Atheneum of Art - the oldest art museum in the U.S.
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Currently Hartford is experiencing a major revitalization with more then 1 billion dollars worth of private and publicly funded projects recently completed, under construction or in the works throughout the city's 17 neighborhoods.
Some of the major projects include
Adriaen's Landing: The state and privately funded project is situated on the banks of the Connecticut River along Columbus Boulevard. The project includes the 540,000 square foot Connecticut Convention Center which opened in June, 2005 and is the largest meeting space between New York City and Boston. Attached to the convention center is the 22 story 409 room Marriott Hartford Hotel Downtown which opened in August, 2005. Being constructed next to the convention center and hotel is the 140,000 square foot Connecticut Center for Science and Exploration. The final component of the project is Front Street which sits across from the convention center and is the retail, entertainment and residential component of the entire project. Publicly funded parts of the project such as a new parking garage, new lighting and new streets have recently been completed and work will soon begin on the construction of new residential units which will be housed in tower type buildings plus retail and entertainment space which will include an ESPN Zone. On the back side of Front Street the historic Hartford Times Building is being converted into the home of administrative offices for the Wadsworth Atheneum.
Hartford 21:Currently being constructed on the site of the Hartford Civic Center Mall the project includes the construction of a new 36 story tower which will be the tallest residential tower in New England. The building will house 262 luxury apartments. Being constructed attached to the tower is 90,000 square feet of office space (some of which has been leased already to the YMCA Downtown for a new gym) and 45,000 square feet of retail space all of which will be housed in a large block. The Veterans Memorial Coliseum at the Hartford Civic Center is still a part open and is part of the project. The Coliseum is still the home of the AHL Hartford Wolfpack, the UConn Men's and Women's Basketball teams as well as hundreds of big name concerts and trade shows.
Trumbull on the Park: This is a brand new apartment community that recently opened along Bushnell Park and includes 88 luxury apartments that are housed in a new 11 story brick building that also features a parking garage and ground level retail space. There are also 12 other units that are housed in recently renovated historic buildings on the adjacent Lewis Street.
55 on the Park:Formerly a SNET office building the building has now been turned into luxury apartments that sit along Bushnell Park. The building reopened a few years ago and were among some of the first new residences to open downtown in years.
Sage Allen Building: On Main Street the former Sage Allen Department Store building is being turned into 44 4-Bedroom townhouses some of which will be used as dorms for University of Hartford students while the others will be sold. The projects also includes the renovation of the Richardson Food Court and the reopening of Temple Street which will once again reconnect Main Street and Market Street.
Capital Community College at the G. Fox Department Store: The 913,000 square foot former home of the G. Fox & Company Department Store on Main Street recently underwent a complete renovation and is now the new home of Capital Community College as well as offices for the State of CT and ground level retail space.
The Metropolitan: The former Hartford Telephone Company Building on Pearl Street is being converted into luxury condominiums. When the condos open soon they will be the first condos to open downtown in years.
Connecticut Culinary Institute: The school has recently completed a deal that will relocate part of the school to the former Hastings Hotel and Conference Center in the city's Asylum Hill neighborhood just west of downtown and next to the AETNA Headquarters.
The city is served by the daily Hartford Courant newspaper, which is the country's oldest continuously published newspaper, founded in 1764. A weekly newspaper, the Hartford Advocate, also serves Hartford and the surrounding area. As does the The Hartford Guardian (a city-wide, quarterly conservative newsmagazine) and The Hartford Undercurrent (an independent, monthly paper that accepts open submissions). Several television and radio stations based in Hartford cover the entire state. These stations serve the Hartford/New Haven market, which is the 28th largest market in the U.S.
Bradley International Airport, in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, is twenty minutes north of Hartford and serves Hartford and Springfield
Other airports serving the Hartford area include:
Brainard Airport, located in Hartford off of I-91 and close to Wethersfield, serves charter flights and local flights.
John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport in New York, New York
Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts
Tweed New Haven Regional Airport, located in New Haven, Connecticut, is served by US Airways Express.
During the 1960s and 1970s, Hartford was something of a poster child for highway construction, and has several highways surrounding the downtown area. Still more projects were canceled, both within the city and the suburbs like the proposed I-291 beltway, due to community opposition.
I-84 runs from Danbury, on the New York border, to Union on the Massachusetts border. I-91 starts in New Haven off I-95 and continues all the way up to Canada along the Connecticut River. The two highways intersect in downtown Hartford. Their interchange remained incomplete, anticipating the extension of the Conland-Whitehead Highway to connect the two near the capitol building. This created a traffic tie-up that was unsnarled in the 1990s.
Hartford suffers from notoriously heavy traffic as a result of its suburban population, which is proportionally much larger than that of any other nearby city. As a result, thousands of people clog area highways at the start of the workday. I-84 experiences traffic from Farmington through Hartford and into East Hartford and Manchester during the rush hour. Outside of Hartford, there are delays going westbound east of the Connecticut River and delays going eastbound west of the city, while in Hartford there is traffic in both directions. I-91 has significant delays, usually south of the city in Wethersfield and Rocky Hill and north of the city in Windsor and Bloomfield.
Besides the two major interstates, the Route 2 expressway runs from Norwich in the southeastern part of the state up to East Hartford where it then intersects with I-84. There are delays through Glastonbury and East Hartford in the morning hours.
Known as the Berlin Turnpike, Routes 5 and 15 run south of the city. Before I-91, the roadway carried people from Hartford to New Haven. Along the Berlin Turnpike is an array of department stores, restaurants, and offices in Berlin, Newington, and Wethersfield. In Wethersfield, it becomes a highway-grade roadway that intersects with I-91 and I-84. Past Berlin, Route 15 becomes the Wilbur Cross Parkway in Meriden, and later, the Merritt Parkway which runs parallel to I-95 to the New York border.
West of Hartford, Route 44 runs from West Hartford up into the hills of Litchfield County and eventually into New York. East of Hartford, Route 44 runs to Putnam and into Rhode Island.
Hartford's dependence on the railroad has decreased since the automobile. However, the Hartford train station at One Union Place still operates. Amtrak provides service from Hartford to Springfield, New Haven, New York, Boston, Providence, and Washington DC. The station is also a major bus station serving numerous bus companies as Hartford is a mid way point between the popular New York to Boston route.
Currently there are preliminary plans to create a New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Commuter Rail Line with stations in communities close to I-91.
Connecticut Transit is owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation. CTTRANSIT operates local and commuter bus service within the city and the surrounding area. Taxi service is available from the train station at 1 Union Place or by calling one to any location in the area.
Famous Hartford residents
Harriet Beecher Stowe was originally from the Litchfield area, but settled in Hartford during the 1870s. Her house on Forest Street is now open to the public and is right next to that of Mark Twain.
Mark Twain moved to Hartford in 1874 and lived in Hartford for a number of years. The Mark Twain House is a national historic site. Twain, whose real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens, wrote many of his most famous works in Hartford, including The Gilded Age, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, Roughing It, and his most read and controversial, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Wallace Stevens, the poet, was an insurance executive in Hartford. Katharine Hepburn, Stephen Cole Kleene and Bill Morrissey were born in the area.
George Keller (1842-1935), the architect, lived in Hartford until his death. He designed the Soldier's and Sailor's Arch, the Hartford Train Station, and the Garfield Memorial in Cleveland, Ohio. His ashes, along with the ashes of his wife, Mary, are interred in turrets of the arch he designed.
Dwight Freeney (NFL Indianapolis Colts) and Nykesha Sales (WNBA Connecticut Sun) were also born in the Hartford area. They resided in the northwest suburb of Bloomfield and grew up within brief walking distance of each other on Farmstead Circle. Both attended Bloomfield High School and were All State(CIAC) varsity athletes in football and basketball respectively.
Terry Moor (born 1952), a former professional tennis player who was born in Hartford, and who won two singles and three doubles titles during his career. The lefthander became the number 32 of the world on October 29, 1984.
Mark McGrath, lead singer of Sugar Ray was born in Hartford.
Norman Lear, went to Weaver High School in Hartford.
Charles Nelson Reilly, spent his childhood in Hartford.
Totie Fields and Sophie Tucker, both born and raised in Hartford.
Amy Brenneman, grew up in Glastonbury. She adapted the experiences of her mother, a Connecticut Superior Court judge in Hartford, into the television series Judging Amy.
Jeff Porcaro, Steve Porcaro, Mike Porcaro of the rock band Toto were born in Hartford. Lived early years in South Windsor before moving to Los Angeles. Father Joe Porcaro is well known as a session and drum instructor.
Eriq La Salle of the television show ER was born and raised in Hartford.
Rick Mahorn and Michael Adams of the NBA are from Hartford.
Manute Bol, former NBA player, resides in nearby West Hartford.
Jim Murray longtime sports columnist of the Los Angeles Times was born and raised in Hartford.
Dominick Dunne, famous writer, was born in Hartford and grew up in West Hartford.
Jackie McLean, jazz alto saxophonist and educator
Barbara Kolb, composer (b. 1939)
For more information on Hartford Connecticut, please visit Wikipedia.
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